跳转至

原型模式(Prototype)#

1. 目的#

相比正常创建一个对象 (new Foo()),首先创建一个原型,然后克隆它会更节省开销。

2. 示例#

  • 大数据量 ( 例如:通过 ORM 模型一次性往数据库插入 1,000,000 条数据 ) 。

3. UML 图#

4. 代码#

完整代码请看 GitHub

BookPrototype.php

<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype;

abstract class BookPrototype
{
    /**
    * @var string
    */
    protected $title;

    /**
    * @var string
    */
    protected $category;

    abstract public function __clone();

    public function getTitle(): string
    {
        return $this->title;
    }

    public function setTitle($title)
    {
        $this->title = $title;
    }
}

BarBookPrototype.php

<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype;

class BarBookPrototype extends BookPrototype
{
    /**
    * @var string
    */
    protected $category = 'Bar';

    public function __clone()
    {
    }
}

FooBookPrototype.php

<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype;

class FooBookPrototype extends BookPrototype
{
    /**
    * @var string
    */
    protected $category = 'Foo';

    public function __clone()
    {
    }
}

5. 测试#

Tests/PrototypeTest.php

<?php

namespace DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype\Tests;

use DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype\BarBookPrototype;
use DesignPatterns\Creational\Prototype\FooBookPrototype;
use PHPUnit\Framework\TestCase;

class PrototypeTest extends TestCase
{
    public function testCanGetFooBook()
    {
        $fooPrototype = new FooBookPrototype();
        $barPrototype = new BarBookPrototype();

        for ($i = 0; $i < 10; $i++) {
            $book = clone $fooPrototype;
            $book->setTitle('Foo Book No ' . $i);
            $this->assertInstanceOf(FooBookPrototype::class, $book);
        }

        for ($i = 0; $i < 5; $i++) {
            $book = clone $barPrototype;
            $book->setTitle('Bar Book No ' . $i);
            $this->assertInstanceOf(BarBookPrototype::class, $book);
        }
    }
}

原文: