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Elasticsearch 入门(二)#

1. 聚合查詢#

仅介绍简单常用的聚合,更多内容,请自行访问(前方高能!!!)

1.1. 平均数#

GET /index/_search?size=0
{
  "aggs": {
    "avg_id": {
      "avg": {"field": "id"}
    }
  },
  // "size": 0
}
select avg(id) as avg_id from table;
{
  "took": 3,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 5,
    "successful": 5,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 18813,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "avg_id": {
      "value": 109519.58650932866
    }
  }
}
  • 一般聚合查询,可设置 size=0,以减少网络传输字节数,因为我们要的结果更多的仅是聚合数据。
  • DSL 语句中 aggregations 可简写为 aggs

1.2. 最大值/最小值#

GET /index/_search?size=0
{
  "aggs": {
    "max_id": {
      "max": {"field": "id"}
    }
  }
}
select max(id) as max_id from table;
{
  "took": 6,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 5,
    "successful": 5,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 18814,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "max_id": {
      "value": 118937
    }
  }
}

最小值:max 替换为 min 即可

1.3. 求和#

GET /index/_search?size=0
{
  "aggs": {
    "sum_id": {
      "sum": {"field": "id"}
    }
  }
}

// 多字段汇总
{
  "aggs": {
    "sum_id": {
      "sum": {
        "script": "doc.id.value + doc.status.value"
      }
    }
  }
}
select sum(id) as sum_id from table;
{
  "took": 21,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 5,
    "successful": 5,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 18814,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "sum_id": {
      "value": 2060510918
    }
  }
}

1.4. 总数#

GET /index/_search?size=0
{
  "aggs": {
    "count_id": {
      "value_count": {
        "field": "id"
      }
    }
  }
}
select count(id) as count_id from table;
{
  "took": 6,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 5,
    "successful": 5,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 18814,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "count_id": {
      "value": 18814
    }
  }
}

聚合的 value_count 方式与结果集中 hits.total 的区别?

我们看个 SQL 的例子:

select count(*) from table;

select count(name) from table;

Elasticsearch 的 value_count 与 SQL 中的指定字段汇总一样,针对字段值为 null 的忽略汇总

1.5. 统计#

GET /build/_search?size=0
{
  "aggs": {
    "stats_id": {
      "stats": {
        "field": "id"
      }
    }
  }
}
select count(id), min(id), max(id), avg(id), sum(id)  from table;
{
  "took": 14,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 5,
    "successful": 5,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 18814,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "stats_id": {
      "count": 18814,
      "min": 100100,
      "max": 118937,
      "avg": 109520.08706282555,
      "sum": 2060510918
    }
  }
}

2. PHP DSL 查修构造器扩展#

传送门

3. Mysql&Elasticsearch 同步#

后续另外补充

4. 作业#

nginx 日志, 使用 Elasticsearch DSL 语法搜索4~5点,每5分钟的总访问量
GET logstash-nginx_access_*/_search
{
    "query": {
        "range": {
            "@timestamp": {
                "gte": "2018-12-20T04:00:00.000Z",
                "lt": "2018-12-20T05:00:00.000Z"
            }
        }
    },
    "size": 0,
    "aggs": {
        "times": {
            "date_histogram": {
                "field": "@timestamp",
                "interval": "5m"
            }
        }
    }
}
{
  "took": 2,
  "timed_out": false,
  "_shards": {
    "total": 15,
    "successful": 15,
    "skipped": 0,
    "failed": 0
  },
  "hits": {
    "total": 2872513,
    "max_score": 0,
    "hits": []
  },
  "aggregations": {
    "times": {
      "buckets": [
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:00:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545278400000,
          "doc_count": 235468
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:05:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545278700000,
          "doc_count": 222655
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:10:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545279000000,
          "doc_count": 234695
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:15:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545279300000,
          "doc_count": 234562
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:20:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545279600000,
          "doc_count": 234831
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:25:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545279900000,
          "doc_count": 238366
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:30:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545280200000,
          "doc_count": 249671
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:35:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545280500000,
          "doc_count": 245436
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:40:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545280800000,
          "doc_count": 242783
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:45:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545281100000,
          "doc_count": 247763
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:50:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545281400000,
          "doc_count": 243247
        },
        {
          "key_as_string": "2018-12-20T04:55:00.000Z",
          "key": 1545281700000,
          "doc_count": 243036
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}
分别使用 Elasticsearch-PHP 及 Laravel-Elasticsearch 构建查询开启中的建案ID和建案名,按ID降序,取前2条即可
<?php

use ES;

$params = [
    'index' => 'build',
    'body'  => [
        'query' => [
            'bool' => [
                'filter' => [
                    ['term' => ['status' => 2]],
                    ['term' => ['closed' => 0]],
                    ['term' => ['checkstatus' => 1]],
                ],
            ],
        ],
        '_source' => ['id', 'build_name'],
        'sort'    => ['id' => 'desc'],
    ],
    'size' => 2,
];

$results = ES::search($params);

print_r($results);
Array
(
    [took] => 1
    [timed_out] => 
    [_shards] => Array
        (
            [total] => 5
            [successful] => 5
            [skipped] => 0
            [failed] => 0
        )

    [hits] => Array
        (
            [total] => 121
            [max_score] => 
            [hits] => Array
                (
                    [0] => Array
                        (
                            [_index] => build
                            [_type] => _doc
                            [_id] => 113030
                            [_score] => 
                            [_source] => Array
                                (
                                    [id] => 113030
                                    [build_name] => 測試第三方士大夫
                                )

                            [sort] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => 113030
                                )

                        )

                    [1] => Array
                        (
                            [_index] => build
                            [_type] => _doc
                            [_id] => 113024
                            [_score] => 
                            [_source] => Array
                                (
                                    [id] => 113024
                                    [build_name] => 學坤大神的豪宅
                                )

                            [sort] => Array
                                (
                                    [0] => 113024
                                )

                        )

                )

        )

)
<?php

use ES;

$results = ES::index('build')
    ->select('id', 'build_name')
    ->where('status', 2)
    ->where('closed', 0)
    ->where('checkstatus', 1)
    ->take(2)
    ->orderBy('id', 'desc')
    ->get();

print_r($results);
Illuminate\Support\Collection Object
(
    [items:protected] => Array
        (
            [0] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 113030
                    [build_name] => 測試第三方士大夫
                )

            [1] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 113024
                    [build_name] => 學坤大神的豪宅
                )

        )

)